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Estimated Life Expectancy Chart for Homes

Note: Life expectancy varies with usage, weather, installation, maintenance, and quality of materials.  This list should be used only as a general guideline and not as a guarantee or warranty regarding the performance or life expectancy of any appliance, product, system or component.

Source: nachi.org

ADHESIVES, CAULK & PAINTS

YEARS

Surface preparation and paint quality are the most important determinants of a paint’s life expectancy. Ultraviolet (UV) rays via sunshine can shorten life expectancy.  Additionally, conditions of high humidity indoors or outdoors can affect the lifespan of these components, which is why they should be inspected and maintained seasonally.

Caulking (interior & exterior)

Construction Glue  

Paint (exterior)  

Paint (interior)

Roofing Adhesives/Cements

Sealants

Stains

APPLIANCES

5 to 10

20+

7 to 10

10 to 15

15+ 

8

3 to 10

YEARS

Appliance life expectancy depends to a great extent on the use it receives. Furthermore, consumers often replace appliances long before they become worn out due to changes in styling, technology and consumer preferences.

Air Conditioner (window)

Compactor (trash) 

Dehumidifier

Dishwasher 

Disposal (food waste) 

Dryer Vent  (plastic) 

Dryer Vent  (steel) 

Dryer (clothes) 

Exhaust Fans 

Freezer

Gas Oven 

Hand Dryer

Humidifier (portable)

Microwave Oven

Range/Oven Hood

Electric Range

Gas Range

Refrigerator

Swamp Cooler

Washing Machine

Whole-House Vacuum System

CABINETRY & STORAGE

5 to 7

6

8

9

12

5

20

13

10

10 to 20

10 to 18

10 to 12

8

9

14

13 to 15

15 to 17

9 to 13

5 to 15

5 to 15

20

YEARS

Modern kitchens today are larger and more elaborate. Together with the family room, they now form the “great room.”

Bathroom Cabinets

Closet Shelves

Entertainment Center/Home Office

Garage/Laundry Cabinets

Kitchen Cabinets

Medicine Cabinet

Modular (stock manufacturing-type)

WALLS & CEILINGS

50+

100+

10

70+

50

25+

50

YEARS

​​Walls and ceilings last the full lifespan of the home.

Acoustical Tile Ceiling

Ceramic Tile

Concrete

Gypsum

Wood Paneling

Suspended Ceiling

COUNTERTOPS

40+ (older than 25 years may contain asbestos)

70+

75+

75

20 to 50

25+

YEARS

Natural stone countertops, which are less expensive than they were just a few years ago, are becoming more popular, and one can expect them to last a lifetime. Cultured marble countertops have a shorter life expectancy, however.

Concrete

Cultured Marble

Natural Stone

Laminate

Resin

Tile

Wood

DECKS

50

20

100+

20 to 30

10+

100+

100+

YEARS

Decks are exposed to a wide range of conditions in different climates, from wind and hail in some areas, to relatively consistent, dry weather in others. See FASTENERS & STEEL section for fasteners.

Deck Planks

Composite

Structural Wood

DOORS

15

8 to 25

10 to 30

YEARS

Exterior fiberglass, steel and wood doors will last as long as the house, while vinyl and screen doors have a shorter life expectancy. The gaskets/weatherstripping of exterior doors may have to be replaced every five to eight years.

Closet (interior)

Fiberglass (exterior)

Fire-Rated Steel (exterior)

French (interior)

Screen (exterior)

Sliding Glass/Patio (exterior)

Vinyl (exterior)

Wood (exterior)

Wood (hollow-core interior)

Wood (solid-core interior)

ELECTRICAL

100+

100+

100+

30 to 50

30

20 (for roller wheel/track

repair/replacement)

20

100+

20 to 30

30 to 100+

YEARS

Copper-plated wiring, copper-clad aluminum, and bare copper wiring are expected to last a lifetime, whereas electrical accessories and lighting controls, such as dimmer switches, may need to be replaced after 10 years. GFCIs could last 30 years, but much less if tripped regularly.

Accessories

Arc-Fault Circuit Interrupters (AFCIs)

Bare Copper

Bulbs (compact fluorescent)

Bulbs (halogen)

Bulbs (incandescent)

Bulbs (LED)

Copper-Clad Aluminum

Copper-Plated

Fixtures

Ground-Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCIs)

Lighting Controls

Residential Propane Backup Generators

Service Panel

Solar Panels

Solar System Batteries

Wind Turbine Generators

ENGINEERED LUMBER

10+

30

100+

8,000 to 10,000+ hours

4,000 to 8,000+ hours

1,000 to 2,000+ hours

30,000 to 50,000+ hours

100+

100+

40

up to 30

30+

12

60

20 to 30

3 to 12

20

YEARS

Floor and roof trusses and laminated strand lumber are durable household components, and engineered trim may last 30 years.

Engineered Joists

Laminated Strand Lumber

Laminated Veneer Lumber

Trusses

FASTENERS, CONNECTORS & STEEL

80+

100+

80+

100+

YEARS

Fastener manufacturers do not give lifespans for their products because they vary too much based on where the fasteners are installed in a home, the materials in which they’re installed, and the local climate and environment. However, inspectors can use the guidelines below to make educated judgments about the materials they inspect.

Adjustable Steel Columns

Fasteners (bright)

Fasteners (copper)

Fasteners (galvanized)

Fasteners (electro-galvanized)

Fasteners (hot-dipped galvanized)

Fasteners (stainless)

Steel Beams

Steel Columns

Steel Plates

​FLOORING

50+

25 to 60

65 to 80+

10+

15 to 45

35 to 60

65 to 100+

200+

100+

100+

YEARS

Flooring life is dependent on maintenance and the amount of foot traffic the floor endures.ucts because they vary too much based on where the fasteners are installed in a home, the materials in which they’re installed, and the local climate and environment. However, inspectors can use the guidelines below to make educated judgments about the materials they inspect.

All Wood Floors

Bamboo

Brick Pavers

Carpet

Concrete

Engineered Wood

 

Exotic Wood

Granite

Laminate

Linoleum

Marble

Other Domestic Wood

Slate

Terrazzo

Tile

Vinyl

100+

100+

100+

8 to 10

50+

50+

100+

100+

15 to 25

25

100+

100+

100

75+

75 to 100

25

Backyard

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